Frequently Asked Questions

BOR commits to deliver best practices in intellectual property rights.

What is Intellectual Property and the scope of its area?

Intellectual Property characterized as non-physical property that is the product of original thought. Typically, rights do not surround the abstract non-physical entity, rather, intellectual property rights surround the control of physical manifestations or expressions of ideas. Intellectual property protects rights to ideas by protecting rights to produce and control physical instantiations of those ideas.

The Classification of Intellectual Property

IP is divided into two categories: Industrial property, which includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source; and Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs.

Which laws are related to Intellectual Property Rights in Indonesia?

Law No 13 of 2016 regarding Patent
Law No 20 of 2016 regarding Trade & Geographical Indication
Law No 28 of 2014 regarding Copyright
Law No 31 of 2000 regarding Industrial design
Law No 32 of 2000 regarding Integrated Circuit Layout
Law No 30 of 2000 regarding Trade secret
Law No 29 of 2000 regarding Protection of Plant Varieties

What is a trademark?

Trademark includes any word, name, symbol, or device or any combination thereof used by a person or which a person has a bona fide intention to use in commerce and applies to register on the principal register established by the Trademark Act, to identify and distinguish his or her goods, including a unique product, from those manufactured or sold by other and to indicate the source of the goods. Trademark is a one or combination of words, letter, and numerals. They consists of drawings, symbols, three-dimensional signs such as the shape and packaging of goods, audible signs such as music or vocal sounds, fragrances, or colors used as distinguishing features and used in the activities of trade in goods or services

What is a Patent?

A patent is an exclusive right granted by the state to an inventor for his/her invention in the field of technology, for a certain time, to exploit his/her invention or to authorized another person to exploit it.

What kinds of inventions can be protected?

A patent shall be granted to an invention, which is novel, involves an inventive step and is susceptible of industrial application.